Russia’s Finance Minister Anton Siluanov proposes to prohibit paying for large purchases in cash and move to electronic payments instead. The main idea is to limit cash transactions in order to make the economy more transparent and raise more taxes.

The experts support the idea but point out that Russia needs at least 5 years to become ready for the reform.

Russia to outlaw cash

This issue is not new and was previously discussed in 2013. It caused a heated debate because there were lots of supporters as well as the opponents of the initiative. In the bill of 2013 lawmakers suggested to reduce the limit of payments to 600,000 rubles (about 10,000 US Dollars) with a step-by-step reduction to 300,000 rubles ($5,000), Kp.ru reports.

Currently, Siluanov does not specify the amount to be restricted.

The minister believes that the measure will help to collect more taxes and make the economy more transparent. Currently only 15% of Russians prefer to pay through banks, Newsbabr reports based on data by local banks.

The experts stress that these amendments should be introduced gradually otherwise they may cause lots of inconveniences and difficulties for people. Cashless payments are not widely used in the country and Russia’s banking infrastructure is still developing.

Russia to outlaw cash

Russian finance minister proposed to prohibit paying for large purchases in cash.

Limiting cash transactions: 3 main reasons

The main goal of outlawing cash transactions is combatting corruption, “envelope” wages, and counterfeiters.

In addition, there are a couple of other reasons to switch to electronic payment methods.

Reduction in expenses for printing banknotes

At the present time, to print 1 banknote regardless of its denomination (5,000 rubles or 10 rubles) costs more than 3,000 rubles ($50). The same about coins—their manufacturing together with employees’ wages may be ten times greater than their nominal value.

Besides, the money has to be stored somewhere. Keeping it safe as well as developing new security methods and improving the quality of materials requires additional resources.

Cash flow control

The cash flow is quite difficult to control. Sometimes it’s almost impossible to monitor such things as salaries in envelopes, payments for goods in stores bypassing the register, keeping money “under mattresses”, and bribes.

Mk.ru recalls the arrest of Dmitry Zakharchenko, the Colonel of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, when 8.5 billion roubles (USD $142 million) in cash had been seized from his apartment. The origin of the money is still not known.

Raising more revenue from taxes

According to the statistics,

  • 40% of workers in small and medium businesses get paid “cash in an envelope” wages at their primary place of employment.
  • 55% of employees receive “black” salaries at their part-time jobs.

The total amount of cash in circulation in Russia (as of July 2016) amounted to 8.257 trillion rubles (USD $138 billion), Profbunking published. It is almost three times more than Russian budget deficit in 2016 (3 trillion rubles).

As the officials believe, if this money went through electronic payments, the government would benefit additional 1 trillion rubles ($16,7 billion).

Under such circumstances, Anton Siluanov proposes to limit cash transactions in Russia and only allow to pay for large purchases by credit cards or bank transfers. This measure, in his opinion, will allow to collect more taxes and fight corruption.

Limiting cash transactions: 3 main reasons

As of July 2016, the total amount of cash money in circulation amounted to about 8.3 trillion rubles ($138 billion). This is almost three times more than Russian budget deficit in the same year.

Why it’s difficult to implement cashless economy in today’s Russia

According to the survey of the National Agency for Financial Studies, 57% of Russians pay for everyday goods and services in cash.

There are lots of places in Russian cities that do not accept cards. For example, you can not pay by a card in the markets and some small shops.

A former deputy finance minister Oleg Vyugin believes that it will be possible to introduce such measures in the future. “Technologies develop quickly. And in about 5 years, this question can be really brought up,” Vyugin stated.

The first deputy chairman of the Central Bank Georgy Luntovskiy stated that it would take many years before the cash disappears completely. “We have 10 years beyond the horizon,” he added.

Why it’s difficult to implement in today’s Russia

It’s next to impossible to pay by cards in Russian street markets.

 

 

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tom
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horrible idea if you love freedom. This will allow the government to know everything you are doing with “your” money. I believe it should be a very limited amount of their business to know what I do with the money I earn from hard work. And who is to say that a hacker will not be able to get to money if it is purely electronic?
Also remember this! The government ,Russian or otherwise will “never” have enough of “your” money!

Nichkabvb09
Guest

Oh, I agree with you so much. Soon, at such rate, there will be no private information, and it scares. And by the way, they want to raise more taxes thanks to this measure, but I see no point in gathering more money as they anyway spend it in a wrong way or just will take it to their pocket.

David
Guest

This is crazy. Let the infrastructure of the banking industry over there develop, then enact this, nice and slow.

Mark
Guest

Very bad idea. Russians have survived for decades on cash-based, black market economies. Most Russians are actually shrewd capitalists, because the official command economy is dysfunctional.

David
Guest
I’m on board with all the other comments. This is a horrible idea, and one that is being pushed around the world by the powers that be. The reason is that by removing cash it gives the government absolute control over the people. All privacy will be removed as all transactions will be documented. Did you know all twitter comments are recorded by the US government (just a example)? It also allows the banks to create money out of thin air, as they do already. When there is only numbers on a computer screen then how can anyone have any… Read more »
Natalia
Guest

In this connection I would like to say that now it is really difficult to imagine. In many situations we must pay only in cash and it is stupid to go out just with a card without any cash. So, very often my friends have a lot of problems because of it.

НАДЕЖДА
Guest

Идея правильная, мы к этому обязательно придём, другое дело когда? Это будет не так скоро, чего вдруг бояться.?, если деньги заработаны честным трудом? Но сейчас страна не готова полностью перейти на безналичный расчёт, где вы видели в сельской местности расчёты по безналички, если они и есть. то это очень маленький процент. Грамотность большинства пожилых людей в новых технологиях невелика, а учиться принципиально они не хотят, сдвинуть этот пласт трудно, это очень большой тормоз.

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